Report finds smoking doubles among adolescent girls in India; expert warns of reproductive health risks | News on health issues

According to a recent report released by the Union Health Ministry, worrying data has revealed that smoking has doubled among adolescent girls in India. Check for future health risks

Know the long-term health impacts of smoking and women's health (Image: Getty)

New Delhi: Smoking kills! It's just not a warning that you read in advertisements, it's beyond that. We are all aware of the harmful or side effects of tobacco consumption. According to a recent report released by the Union Health Ministry, revealing worrying data showing that smoking has doubled among adolescent girls in India. India Tabacco Control has published this report. Smoking is also increasing among adolescents, although it is decreasing among older women. Smoking can cause cancer and other chronic diseases and is also the leading cause of increasing deaths, but starting smoking at such an early age can cause major conception risks in women.

In conversation with News9Dr Asha Dalal, director of the obstetrics and gynecology department at the Well Woman Center at Sir HN Reliance Hospital, said, “Smoking before and during pregnancy exposes you and the fetus to several risks.
When a woman smokes, due to harmful substances such as nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide, the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is reduced, leading to a reduced supply of oxygen to the fetus.

“This will increase the risk of birth defects in your baby, including cleft lip, cleft palate, diaphragmatic hernia, gastroschisis, limb reduction anomalies and hypospadias. There is an increased risk of miscarriage. Due to the decreased blood supply, these babies are known to suffer from intrauterine growth restriction or IUGR. In this way, babies do not develop their full potential. They are underweight and can have several health complications,” added D Dalal.

Smoking, major cause of premature births

Smoking is a major cause of premature birth. Babies born before 37 weeks gestation may suffer from respiratory distress syndrome, hypothermia, infections and hypoglycemia.

According to Dr. Dalal, “placental abnormalities are also more common. These include abruptio placenta where there is separation of a normally placed placenta or placenta previa. Both can cause life-threatening bleeding for both mother and baby.

Babies born to mothers who smoke are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, in which a healthy baby dies suddenly.

Long-term effects of smoking

Long-term health impacts include respiratory problems, behavioral problems like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obesity, and chronic illnesses like diabetes and hypertension later in life . Considering all these risks, women should be informed of the need to stop smoking three to four months before becoming pregnant and, if not, to give it up during pregnancy.

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